From 1962-1970, the Laboratory conducted monthly aerial surveys using infrared radiation thermography aboard a U.S. Coast Guard Albatross aircraft to obtain synoptic monthly mappings of sea surface temperatures with the goal of associating the temperature data with aerial sighting and records of aquatic organisms along the Atlantic continental shelf. By 1969, more than 10,000 observations of fishes, turtles, and marine mammals, in addition to thousands of transect miles of surface temperature, were recorded and over 70,000 drift bottles and sea bed drifters were released. The resultant monthly sea surface temperature charts were mailed to a distribution list and published regularly in the Red Bank Register, a local newspaper. Surface temperatures were sent to Naval Fleet Weather Facility, and animal observations reported to the Naval Oceanographic Office. The project expanded its activities in later years to include experimentation with the efficacy of using helicopters in survey activities; the use of drift bottles and seabed drifters as a cooperative research project with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution; and surveying rivers and estuaries for a thermal pollution study for the Naval Underwater Sound Laboratory.
Lionel A. Walford Library, James J. Howard Marine Sciences Laboratory
The primary pieces of equipment used for airborne measuring and recording of sea surface temperature are displayed in this photograph. At left, the Varian Associates strip chart recorder (Model G-11 or G-14) is placed on a cart. The chart recorder prints sea surface temperatures captured by the infrared radiometry thermometer (right). The modified cart also holds an ATR No. 28 URSF 115 VAC inverter, which connects the recorder and the thermometer. Next to the cart, a Barnes infrared thermometer sensor head is stationed on a tripod and the water baths used for in-flight calibration of the thermometer are placed at the feet of the tripod. The infrared thermometer electronics case is not shown. The infrared thermometer used by the Laboratory during monthly airborne infrared radiation thermography surveys was a Barnes model IT-1, IT-2, or IT-3.
35 mm color slide, archival slide storage box, irt_s_000185, Walford Library
This item is in the public domain. While there are no restrictions on use, we would appreciate if you provided credit when you use this item to the: “U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, National Marine Fisheries Service, James J. Howard Marine Sciences Laboratory, Highlands, NJ.”
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This item is part of a collection of materials, including photographic prints, slides, and negatives, that were maintained in various locations within the James J. Howard Marine Sciences Laboratory since their origination in 1962 to 1970, and/or donated to the Library upon staff retirement. All materials are part of the Laboratory's Lionel A. Walford Library permanent collection.