From 1962-1970, the Laboratory conducted monthly aerial surveys using infrared radiation thermography aboard a U.S. Coast Guard Albatross aircraft to obtain synoptic monthly mappings of sea surface temperatures with the goal of associating the temperature data with aerial sighting and records of aquatic organisms along the Atlantic continental shelf. By 1969, more than 10,000 observations of fishes, turtles, and marine mammals, in addition to thousands of transect miles of surface temperature, were recorded and over 70,000 drift bottles and sea bed drifters were released. The resultant monthly sea surface temperature charts were mailed to a distribution list and published regularly in the Red Bank Register, a local newspaper. Surface temperatures were sent to Naval Fleet Weather Facility, and animal observations reported to the Naval Oceanographic Office. The project expanded its activities in later years to include experimentation with the efficacy of using helicopters in survey activities; the use of drift bottles and seabed drifters as a cooperative research project with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution; and surveying rivers and estuaries for a thermal pollution study for the Naval Underwater Sound Laboratory.
Lionel A. Walford Library, James J. Howard Marine Sciences Laboratory
A draft chart titled “Aerial Survey of Gulf Stream off Cape Hatteras.” Under the chart title is the explanatory text “Surface Isotherms from Infrared Radiation Thermometer February 7, 1966.” Institutional credit (top left corner) is given to: “Sandy Hook Marine Laboratory U.S. Bureau of Fisheries and Wildlife in Cooperation with U.S. Coast Guard” and staff credit (far right bottom corner) to: “Richard B. Stone and Thomas R. Azarovitz, Sandy Hook Laboratory.” The bottom right corner of the chart also shows a key that depicts the notations for flight track, transect, sampling station, and surface temperature, the latter three of which involved “ground-truthing” by the R.V. Dolphin. The chart includes the caveat, below the staff attribution: "This does not constitute publication" and "data subject to revision.”
35 mm color slide, archival slide storage box, irt_s_000087, Walford Library
This item is in the public domain. While there are no restrictions on use, we would appreciate if you provided credit when you use this item to the: “U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, National Marine Fisheries Service, James J. Howard Marine Sciences Laboratory, Highlands, NJ.”
For additional questions, contact the Lionel A. Walford Library at firstname.lastname@example.org
This item is part of a collection of materials, including photographic prints, slides, and negatives, that were maintained in various locations within the James J. Howard Marine Sciences Laboratory since their origination in 1962 to 1970, and/or donated to the Library upon staff retirement. All materials are part of the Laboratory's Lionel A. Walford Library permanent collection.